This drug is a prescription medication for treating HIV infections. It’s not a cure for either HIV or AIDS. However, it can help to control the infection. It lowers the amount of HIV that’s in a patient’s body to allow for the immune system to function better. This can help patients to have a lower risk of developing HIV complications, and it can improve the patient’s overall quality of life.

This medication is part of a drug class called protease inhibitors. Norvir works to increase the patient’s levels of other drugs in this class so that they will be more effective. This drug doesn’t keep you from being able to spread HIV to others. It’s important to take all of your HIV medications to decrease your risk of spreading the disease to other people. You also need to continue to use safe sex practices as you take this medication. Don’t share any items that are personal like toothbrushes, syringes, or razors because they may have bodily fluids on them.

Norvir lowers the level of HIV in the body by acting as an antiviral drug that keeps HIV from multiplying. Norvir is the brand name for a medication called ritonavir. Norvir isn’t often used as the only protease inhibitor that a patient takes. It’s often used with other HIV drugs to better treat the infection.

Precautions and Warnings of Norvir

If you are allergic to this medication, don’t take it. Before you use this medication, it’s important for your doctor to know your entire health history. They will need to know if you have diabetes or any heart problems like a heart attack or coronary artery disease. Also tell them if you have liver problems, hemophilia, pancreatitis, or high cholesterol.

Norvir can cause dizziness, and using marijuana or alcohol can make this worse. It’s not recommended to use either while you’re taking this medication. Before you drive or do other dangerous activities, make sure you know how this medication affects you and whether you can safely drive.

If you’re diabetic, Norvir can cause your blood sugar to go up. Be sure to check your sugar levels often, and let the doctor know the results. If you get increased urination and thirst, you may have high blood sugar. The doctor might have to change your diabetes medication, give you a new diet to eat, or prescribe exercises. If you’re going to have surgery, tell the doctor that you take this medication.

Tell the doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. This medication can help lower the baby’s risk of getting the HIV infection. However, mothers shouldn’t breastfeed if they have HIV because there’s a risk of passing the disease along to the baby. The liquid version of Norvir has propylene glycol and alcohol in it, and pregnant women shouldn’t take this form of Norvir. If you take birth control pills (such as Angeliq) or use a contraception patch, this medication can make them less effective. You’ll need to use another birth control method.

Side Effects of Norvir

There are many side effects possible from taking this medication. Many of them aren’t very serious, but you should contact your doctor if they get bothersome. If you have mild to moderate side effects, they may go away after a few days to a few weeks as your body gets used to Norvir. Other side effects are more severe and may be signs of a serious health condition that’s developed.

Common Side Effects

Some of the more common side effects include:

• Diarrhea
• Feeling tired or weak
• Decreased appetite
• Headache
• Numbness or tingling around the mouth or in the feet or hands
• Dizziness
• Nausea and/or vomiting
• Weight gain at the waste or back, or getting thinner in the legs, arms, and face
• Rash
• Stomach pain

Serious Side Effects

If you have a pain in your lower back or side, find blood in your urine, or have a hard time urinating, you may have a kidney stone. If you lose your appetite, have pain in the upper stomach, get jaundice, or dark urine you may have a problem with your pancreas or liver. It’s also possible to bruise far more easily, to get red or purple pinprick-lick spots on your skin, and to have unusual bleeding. If you have any of these symptoms, tell your doctor right away or get emergency medical treatment is needed.

More serious side effects that your doctor needs to know about include:

• Irregular, fast heartbeat
• Signs of high blood sugar- being more hungry or thirsty and urinating more often
• Allergic reactions such as hives, swelling of the lips, face, or tongue, and itching
• Falling or feeling faint and lightheaded
• Severe abdominal pain
• Skin that blisters, peels, turns red, or gets loose

Drug Interactions With Norvir

These are just some of the medications that may have interactions with Norvir. Before Norvir is prescribed to you, make sure your doctor knows everything you take, and that includes OTC supplements and medications. Bring a list with all of your medications and their strengths when you see your doctor.

There are many drugs that shouldn’t be taken with Norvir. These include:

• Alfuzosin
• Cisapride
• Amiodarone
• Astemizole
• Dronedarone (Multaq)
• Ergotamine
• Fusidic acid
• Ergonovine
• Lovastatin
• Flecainide
• Lurasidone (Latuda)
• Midazolam
• Quinidine
• Salmeterol
• Propafenone
• Rivaroxaban (Xarelto)
• Triazolam
• St. John’s wort
• Sildenafil (Viagra)
• Terfenadine
• Vardenafil (Levitra)

Strengths and Dosages of Norvir

This medication is available as a tablet, a liquid oral solution, and an oral powder. The tablet is 100 mg, the liquid solution is 80 mg/mL, and the oral powder is 100 mg per packet. Be sure to take the exact dosage you’re prescribed. Don’t take more than is prescribed or stop taking it without your doctor’s approval.

Tablet: 100 mg
Oral solution: 80 mg/mL
Oral powder: 100 mg/packet

Norvir Alternatives

There are a number of other HIV medications that can be alternatives to Norvir. These include Biktarvy, Dovato, Truvado, Triumeq, Descovy, Tivicay, Atripla, and Isentress. Norvir is often used with at least one other HIV medication so that they are boosted and can work better. Your doctor may have to prescribe you an alternative to Norvir if you have severe effects from it, are allergic to it, or it doesn’t work for you.

FAQs of Norvir

Who is the manufacturer of Norvir?

AbbVie, Inc., is the manufacturer.

Can you drink alcohol with this medication?

It isn’t recommended to drink alcohol or to take cannabis while taking Norvir. This may make some of the side effects, such as dizziness, worse.

Why is Norvir prescribed?

This medication is prescribed as an antiviral medication that fights HIV infections. It’s generally used with one or more other medications that all treat HIV. It is not a cure for the condition.

Is there a generic for Norvir?

Yes, there are generics available, and they cost less than the brand-name medication.

How should I store Norvir?

It’s generally supposed to be stored in the refrigerator that’s set at anywhere from 36 to 46 degrees. If you’re going to use it within 30 days, you can also keep it at room temperature that is less than 77 degrees.

Can you take Norvir if you have diabetes?

Yes, this medication can be taken, but it’s important to check your blood sugar often. Norvir can cause higher blood sugar levels, so you may have to have your diabetes medications checked and the dosage changed.

Can you get kidney stones from taking Norvir?

Yes, it’s possible. If you have a severe pain in your side or lower back and/or find blood in your urine, you may have a kidney stone.

Can you take Norvir while pregnant or breastfeeding?

It can be taken during pregnancy, but it’s advised that anyone with HIV should not breastfeed. If you’re pregnant, don’t use the liquid solution form of this medication, as it has ingredients that could harm the baby.

If I take Norvir, can I still spread HIV?

Yes, you can still spread it. This medication lowers the amount of HIV that’s in your body, but it isn’t a cure. Continue safe sex practices while you take it.

IMPORTANT NOTE: The information provided here is for educational purposes only and is not intended to serve as medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment recommendations. It should not be taken as an endorsement of any specific medication or treatment. Individual health conditions and responses to treatment can vary greatly; therefore, this information should not be seen as a guarantee of safety, suitability, or effectiveness for any particular individual. Always consult with a healthcare professional for personalized medical advice and before making any decisions regarding your health or treatment plans.

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