Cytomel is the brand name for the active ingredient liothyronine sodium. It’s a synthetic version of the thyroid hormone. This is used for treating patients with low thyroid hormone, also called hypothyroidism. It’s also administered to treat a goiter or to prevent one from forming. A goiter is a thyroid gland that has been significantly enlarged. This drug is also given to patients while thyroid disorder tests are being done.

When a patient is given this medication, they get more thyroid hormone to replace theirs if they aren’t making any or to add more if they’re making a small amount. Sometimes, the thyroid doesn’t make enough of its hormone because it naturally happens or because there have been medications or radiation that injured the gland. In some patients, their thyroid gland has been surgically removed.

It’s essential to everyone’s health to have enough thyroid hormone. Children need enough of this hormone to learn and grow as they should. Cytomel is a synthetic T3 thyroid hormone. The hormones secreted by the thyroid are essential to everyone’s heart rate, metabolism, temperature, and many other functions.

This medication can also be used for treating different thyroid problems like thyroid cancer. It shouldn’t be used for treating infertility unless the difficulty in conceiving is due to a low level of thyroid hormone.

Cytomel Precautions and Warnings

If you are allergic to this medication, don’t take it. If you have other allergies, make sure that this medication doesn’t contain those substances as inactive ingredients.

Before taking Cytomel, make sure your doctor knows your entire health history and all conditions you have or have had. It’s essential to tell them about any lowered adrenal gland function you’ve had, high blood pressure, water diabetes, or diabetes. It’s also important to say to them If you’ve ever had a heart attack, heart failure, irregular heartbeat, chest pain, or any other heart disease. If you’re going to have any surgery, even if it’s dental surgery, be sure that the practitioner knows that you’re taking this medication.

It’s generally considered to be safe to take this medication during pregnancy. You may need to have your dosage changed if you get pregnant during treatment, so make sure your doctor knows about your pregnancy. If you breastfeed, this medication does pass into breast milk, but it isn’t thought to be harmful to a baby.

Cytomel should never be used to lose weight. When patients get a regular dose of this drug, it won’t cause weight loss. If a patient receives a larger dose of it, they may have very severe side effects that could even be fatal. This is especially true when this medication is taken along with diet pills (such as Rybelsus).

In the elderly and people with cardiovascular disease, this medication may need to be in a lower dose than usual. If you have any cardiovascular disease, you may need regular monitoring while you’re taking this medication.

If you have diabetes, this medication may make it harder for you to control your blood sugar levels. You might need to have your diabetes medication dosage changed so that it’s more effective.

If a patient, especially one past menopause takes too much of this medication and their thyroid hormone gets over-replaced, it can cause lower bone density. The minimum possible dosage of this medication should be taken for this reason.

Cytomel Side Effects

There are several side effects that patients can have when they take this medication. One of these is hair loss. This may happen in the first few months of being on this medication, and it’s only temporary. This side effect mainly happens to children who take this drug. If hair loss goes past this time, talk to your doctor about the problem.

A patient can get too much of the thyroid hormone. If this happens, you may experience headaches, diarrhea, mood changes, mental changes, sensitivity to heat, menstrual changes, and increased sweating. These are all symptoms that you’re getting too much thyroid hormone, so it’s important to tell your doctor about them. However, there are more severe side effects that can happen with too much of this hormone as well. These include swelling of the feet or ankles, chest pain, unusual fatigue, trouble breathing, and changes in the heartbeat, such as a pounding, fast, or irregular one.

It’s rare to have an allergic reaction to Cytomel. However, it’s essential to know what to look for just in case it happens. When there’s a severe reaction, you may have a rash, severe dizziness, itching or swelling of the throat, tongue, or face or trouble breathing.

Severe Side Effects

You may also have very severe side effects from this medication, including:

  • Eye problems like eye swelling, eye pain, sudden vision loss, seeing halos around various lights, tunnel vision, and blurry vision
  • Heart problems like a pounding, irregular, or fast heartbeat, chest fluttering, sudden dizziness, passing out, lightheadedness, or shortness of breath
  • Serious effects like profuse sweating, loss of coordination, tremors, weakness, slurred speech, trouble walking, high fever, stiff muscles, or confusion

Drug Interactions With Cytomel 

This medication can react with several different drugs and substances. It shouldn’t be taken with midodrine. More side effects could occur if it’s taken with kelp, sodium polystyrene sulfonate, and sevelamer. Ensure your doctor knows everything you take, including OTC medications and supplements. It can also interact with hormone replacement therapy or birth control pills (such as Seasonique). Ensure your doctor knows if you’re taking blood thinners, antidepressants, salicylates such as aspirin, insulin, or other medications for diabetes, digoxin, and any drugs with iodine in them.

FAQs of Cytomel

Can you take this medication during pregnancy?

This medication is generally considered safe to take during pregnancy and breastfeeding. It does pass into breast milk, but it’s believed that this won’t cause the baby any harm.

Can you drink alcohol while taking Cytomel?

Yes, it’s ok to drink alcohol during treatment with this medication.

Can you take this medication if you have diabetes?

It is generally allowed for people with diabetes to use this medication, though they must keep their blood sugar carefully monitored. This medication can affect blood sugar in some patients.

What does this medication do?

Cytomel is a synthetic thyroid hormone that adds more of this hormone to the body. It’s needed for good health in those who don’t have enough of this hormone being made naturally.

Can this medication cause side effects?

Yes, there are many that you might experience, though many people don’t experience any. Headaches, diarrhea, and increased sweating are some of the side effects that are common with Cytomel.

Can patients be allergic to Cytomel?

Yes, it’s rare to have a severe reaction, however. When this does happen, a patient may have trouble breathing, swelling in the face or mouth,

Will this treat a goiter?

Yes, if you have an enlargement of the thyroid gland, this medication can treat it.

Will Cytomel cause interactions with other medications?

Yes, it interacts with many medications. Among them are certain antidepressants, HRT, and blood thinners.

Can you get too much thyroid hormone?

Yes, this can happen, and it causes health problems such as lowered bone density. Your doctor will give you the smallest dose possible to bring your thyroid hormone up to normal levels.

What are the strengths and dosages of Cytomel?

Cytomel is available only in tablet form. It comes in 5 mcg, 25 mcg, and 50 mcg. The dosage a patient gets depends on many factors such as their overall health and the amount of thyroid hormone they need to have replaced.

IMPORTANT NOTE: The information provided here is for educational purposes only and is not intended to serve as medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment recommendations. It should not be taken as an endorsement of any specific medication or treatment. Individual health conditions and responses to treatment can vary greatly; therefore, this information should not be seen as a guarantee of safety, suitability, or effectiveness for any particular individual. Always consult with a healthcare professional for personalized medical advice and before making any decisions regarding your health or treatment plans.

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