Voltaren, also known by its generic name Diclofenac, is a widely used NSAID prescribed to manage pain, inflammation, and swelling caused by various medical conditions. It falls under the category of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which work by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins, the chemicals responsible for pain and inflammation in the body.

Voltaren primarily works by blocking the action of an enzyme called cyclooxygenase (COX), which is involved in the synthesis of prostaglandins. By inhibiting COX, Voltaren reduces the production of prostaglandins, thereby reducing pain and inflammation in the affected area.

Individuals suffering from different types of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, often find relief from joint pain and inflammation by using Voltaren. Athletes and individuals with muscle strains or injuries can benefit from Voltaren’s pain-relieving properties to enhance recovery and reduce discomfort. Doctors may prescribe Voltaren to manage postoperative pain and inflammation after surgical procedures. People experiencing acute or chronic back pain may find relief through Voltaren’s analgesic effects. Voltaren can help alleviate the pain and discomfort associated with menstrual cramps in some individuals.

Voltaren is available in different forms, including gels, tablets, and eye drops. Each form is designed for specific applications, allowing users to choose the most suitable option based on their needs.

Voltaren Gel

Voltaren Gel is a topical analgesic that contains diclofenac sodium as its active ingredient. It is commonly prescribed for the relief of pain and inflammation caused by conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and certain injuries. The gel is absorbed through the skin and works by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins, which are responsible for causing pain and inflammation in the body.

When Voltaren Gel is applied to the skin, the diclofenac in the gel penetrates the underlying tissues and enters the bloodstream in small amounts. It then travels to the site of inflammation, where it hinders the action of cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes. These enzymes are involved in the synthesis of prostaglandins, which are chemicals that promote inflammation, pain, and fever. By reducing the levels of prostaglandins, Voltaren Gel helps alleviate pain and reduce inflammation in the affected area.

Voltaren Emulgel

Voltaren Gel and Voltaren Emulgel both contain diclofenac as the active ingredient, but their formulations differ. Voltaren Gel is a clear, non-greasy gel, while Voltaren Emulgel is a cream-based formulation. The choice between the two may depend on personal preferences and the specific needs of the user.

Both Voltaren Gel and Voltaren Emulgel are indicated for pain relief caused by similar conditions, including arthritis and muscle injuries. They are effective in reducing pain and inflammation associated with these conditions.

The main difference between Voltaren Gel and Voltaren Emulgel lies in their application methods. Voltaren Gel is applied directly to the skin and rubbed in, allowing for quick absorption. On the other hand, Voltaren Emulgel is applied similarly but may leave a slightly greasy residue on the skin due to its cream-based formulation.

Voltaren Tablets

Voltaren tablets are oral medications that contain diclofenac in various strengths. The primary purpose of Voltaren tablets is to provide systemic relief from pain and inflammation. When ingested, the active ingredient diclofenac is absorbed into the bloodstream and distributed throughout the body to target areas of inflammation, reducing pain and swelling.

One of the significant advantages of Voltaren tablets is that they provide systemic relief. This means that the medication works throughout the body, not just in specific localized areas. For individuals experiencing widespread pain or inflammation due to arthritis or other systemic conditions, Voltaren tablets offer comprehensive relief.

Voltaren tablets are convenient and easy to carry, making them suitable for individuals who are always on the go. Unlike gels, which require topical application, tablets can be taken discreetly without the need for water or other accessories.

Upon ingestion, Voltaren tablets gradually release the medication into the bloodstream, resulting in a prolonged effect. This sustained release ensures that the pain-relieving benefits last for an extended period, allowing individuals to take fewer doses throughout the day.

Voltaren tablets come in various strengths, allowing for precise dosage adjustments according to individual needs. This level of customization is particularly beneficial for patients who require specific dosages for optimal pain management.

Voltaren Eye Drops

Voltaren Eye Drops are a specialized formulation of Voltaren designed for ocular use. They are sterile eye drops that contain diclofenac sodium as the active ingredient. Voltaren Eye Drops contain diclofenac sodium, benzalkonium chloride (as a preservative), and other inactive ingredients to maintain the stability and pH of the solution.

When applied to the eyes, Voltaren Eye Drops get absorbed through the cornea, reaching the inflamed tissues of the eye. They work by reducing the production of inflammatory substances in the eye, providing relief from pain and inflammation.

One of the significant advantages of Voltaren Eye Drops is the targeted relief they offer. By directly applying the drops to the affected eye, the medication can concentrate on the inflamed area, enhancing its effectiveness. The eye is known for its excellent capacity to absorb medications. Voltaren Eye Drops get quickly absorbed through the cornea, leading to faster relief compared to oral forms. Applying eye drops is relatively simple and can be done by the user without any external assistance. This convenience makes Voltaren Eye Drops a popular choice for individuals with eye conditions.

Voltaren Suppository

Voltaren suppositories contain the active ingredient diclofenac, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). When inserted into the rectum, the suppository dissolves, allowing diclofenac to be absorbed through the rectal lining and into the bloodstream. From there, it travels to the site of pain or inflammation and inhibits the production of prostaglandins, which are responsible for pain and swelling.

Voltaren suppositories offer rapid pain relief compared to some other forms of medication. Since the active ingredient is absorbed directly into the bloodstream, it bypasses the digestive system, allowing for quicker onset of action.

Unlike oral forms of Voltaren, which may cause gastrointestinal irritation, the suppository formulation reduces the risk of such side effects. By bypassing the stomach, the medication does not come into direct contact with the gastric lining.

The choice between different forms of Voltaren may depend on the condition being treated. For instance, the suppository might be preferred for targeting internal inflammation, while the gel could be more suitable for localized pain relief on the skin’s surface.

Warnings and Precautions

While Voltaren is an effective medication for various conditions, it’s essential to be aware of the potential warnings and precautions associated with its use.

To ensure your safety while using Voltaren, it is essential to take certain precautions. These warnings and precautions will help minimize potential risks and side effects.

  • Pre-existing Medical Conditions: Before using Voltaren, individuals with certain medical conditions should exercise caution or avoid the medication altogether. Such conditions may include: heart disease or high blood pressure. history of stomach ulcers or bleeding, liver or kidney problems, asthma or other respiratory issues, blood disorders, allergies to NSAIDs or aspirin.
  • Allergic Reactions: Some people may be allergic to Voltaren. If you experience allergic reactions such as hives, rash, itching, swelling, dizziness, or difficulty breathing, seek immediate medical attention.
  • Gastrointestinal Risks: NSAIDs, including Voltaren, can increase the risk of gastrointestinal complications such as stomach ulcers, bleeding, and perforation. Individuals with a history of gastrointestinal issues should use Voltaren cautiously.
  • Cardiovascular Risks: Long-term use of Voltaren may elevate the risk of cardiovascular events, including heart attack and stroke, especially in high doses or in individuals with pre-existing heart conditions.
  • Recommended Dosage: Follow your doctor’s prescribed dosage carefully, and do not exceed the recommended amount. Taking more than the prescribed dose can lead to adverse effects.
  • Duration of Use: Use Voltaren for the shortest duration necessary to manage your condition effectively. Prolonged use may increase the risk of side effects.
  • Follow Dosage Instructions: Always take Voltaren as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not exceed the recommended dosage or use it for longer than directed.
  • Avoid Alcohol: Drinking alcohol while on Voltaren can increase the risk of stomach bleeding.
  • Take with Food: If Voltaren causes stomach upset, take it with food or milk.
  • Do Not Crush or Chew (tablets): If you are taking Voltaren tablets, swallow them whole. Do not crush or chew the tablets unless instructed by your healthcare provider.
  • Avoid Prolonged Sun Exposure: Voltaren can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. Take precautions to protect your skin from sunburn.
  • Regular Check-ups: Regularly visit your healthcare provider for check-ups to monitor your progress and address any potential side effects.
  • Lower Dosages: Healthcare providers may prescribe lower dosages for the elderly to minimize side effects.
  • Monitoring Kidney and Liver Function: Regular monitoring of kidney and liver function is essential to detect any adverse effects promptly.
  • Fall Risk: Voltaren may cause dizziness or drowsiness, increasing the risk of falls in the elderly.
  • Consult a Pediatric Specialist: If Voltaren is considered necessary for a child, consult a pediatric specialist to determine the appropriate dosage and usage.
  • Monitoring and Caution: Pediatric patients using Voltaren should be closely monitored for any adverse effects.
  • Increased Risk of Exacerbation: Voltaren may trigger asthma attacks or worsen asthma symptoms in some individuals.
  • Inform Your Doctor: Inform your healthcare provider about your asthma condition before starting Voltaren.

Side Effects

Common Side Effects

  • Gastrointestinal Issues: One of the most common side effects of Voltaren is gastrointestinal discomfort. Users may experience symptoms such as indigestion, stomach pain, nausea, and diarrhea. Taking the medication with food can sometimes help reduce these effects.
  • Dizziness and Headache: Some individuals may experience dizziness or headaches as their bodies adjust to Voltaren. It is advisable to avoid driving or operating heavy machinery until the effects subside.
  • Skin Irritations: In some cases, Voltaren can cause skin irritations, such as rashes or itching. If you experience any allergic reactions on the skin after taking Voltaren, consult your doctor immediately.

Rare Side Effects

  • Allergic Reactions: Although rare, some individuals may develop allergic reactions to Voltaren. Signs of an allergic reaction include difficulty breathing, swelling of the face or throat, and hives. Seek immediate medical attention if any of these symptoms occur.
  • Liver and Kidney Complications: Long-term use of Voltaren may lead to rare but severe complications in the liver and kidneys. Regular monitoring and consultation with a healthcare provider are essential for individuals using Voltaren for an extended period.
  • Cardiovascular Effects: Long-term use of Voltaren may increase the risk of cardiovascular events, including heart attacks and strokes, particularly in individuals with pre-existing heart conditions or those at higher risk. It is crucial to be aware of pre-existing heart conditions and to consult a healthcare provider before using Voltaren.
  • Blood Disorders: Rarely, Voltaren may cause blood-related disorders, such as anemia or low platelet counts, which can lead to increased bleeding risks.

Severe Side Effects

  • Gastrointestinal Bleeding: One of the most severe side effects of Voltaren is gastrointestinal bleeding. Prolonged use or high doses can damage the stomach lining, leading to internal bleeding, which can be life-threatening. Gastrointestinal bleeding is a severe side effect of Voltaren that requires immediate medical attention. Users experiencing symptoms such as dark stools or vomiting blood should seek emergency help.
  • Stevens-Johnson Syndrome: Stevens-Johnson Syndrome is a rare but potentially life-threatening reaction to Voltaren. It manifests as a severe skin rash and requires immediate medical intervention.
  • High Blood Pressure: Voltaren may cause an increase in blood pressure for some individuals, which can be particularly problematic for those with pre-existing hypertension. Regular monitoring is essential when using Voltaren in such cases.
  • Edema and Fluid Retention: Severe edema and fluid retention may occur as a result of Voltaren use, particularly among individuals with a predisposition to retaining fluids.


By understanding these interactions, you can use Voltaren safely and effectively to manage pain and inflammation.

Drug Interactions

Voltaren may interact with certain medications, potentially affecting their efficacy or causing adverse reactions. It is crucial to inform your healthcare provider about all medications you are taking to avoid these interactions. Some drugs that may interact with Voltaren include:

  • Aspirin and Other NSAIDs: When taking Voltaren, it is essential to avoid combining it with other NSAIDs, as doing so may increase the risk of adverse effects, such as gastrointestinal bleeding and kidney problems. If you are already taking another NSAID, consult your healthcare provider before starting Voltaren.
  • Blood Thinners (Anticoagulants): Combining Voltaren with blood-thinning medications like warfarin or aspirin can lead to an increased risk of bleeding. Healthcare providers must closely monitor patients on these medications if Voltaren is prescribed.
  • ACE Inhibitors and Diuretics: Interactions with these medications can reduce the effectiveness of both Voltaren and the other drugs.
  • Corticosteroids: Using Voltaren alongside corticosteroids can potentially raise the likelihood of stomach ulcers and bleeding. Patients on corticosteroid therapy should exercise caution when using Voltaren and follow their doctor’s advice diligently.
  • Methotrexate: Co-administration with Voltaren can increase the toxicity of methotrexate.
  • Diuretics: Voltaren may reduce the effectiveness of diuretics, which are medications used to manage fluid retention and high blood pressure. Doctors may need to adjust the dosage of both drugs to ensure optimal results.

Herbal Interactions

Apart from prescription medications, herbal supplements can also interact with Voltaren. While herbal remedies are often considered natural, they can still pose risks when used alongside Voltaren. Some herbal supplements that may interact with Voltaren include:

  • St. John’s Wort: St. John’s Wort, a popular herbal remedy for depression, anxiety, and sleep disorders, may interact with Voltaren and reduce its effectiveness. This interaction could lead to decreased pain relief or worsening of the underlying condition.
  • Ginkgo Biloba: Ginkgo Biloba, often used to enhance memory and cognitive function, may increase the risk of bleeding when taken with Voltaren. Individuals on this herbal supplement should consult their healthcare provider before using Voltaren.
  • Echinacea: Echinacea, known for its immune-boosting properties, might interact with Voltaren, potentially leading to adverse effects. It is advisable to inform your healthcare provider if you are taking Echinacea while prescribed Voltaren.
  • Garlic and Ginger: Both garlic and ginger have blood-thinning properties, which can be problematic when taken with Voltaren.

Food Interactions

  • Alcohol: Consuming alcohol while taking Voltaren can increase the risk of stomach irritation and gastrointestinal bleeding. It is best to avoid alcohol or limit its intake during Voltaren use.
  • Grapefruit Juice: Grapefruit juice may interfere with the body’s ability to metabolize Voltaren properly, leading to increased drug levels in the bloodstream. Patients should avoid consuming grapefruit juice when on this medication.
  • Fatty Foods: High-fat meals may delay the absorption of Voltaren, potentially reducing its effectiveness in providing pain relief. Individuals taking Voltaren should consider having it with a light meal or snack.


The recommended dosage of Voltaren may vary depending on the medical condition being treated and the form of the medication prescribed. Typically, for adults, the oral dosage ranges from 50 to 150 mg per day, divided into two or three doses. It’s essential to follow the specific instructions provided by your healthcare provider or the information on the medication label.

Several factors can influence the appropriate dosage of Voltaren for an individual. These factors may include the severity of the medical condition, the patient’s age, weight, and overall health. Additionally, healthcare providers consider any existing medical conditions and the use of other medications that might interact with Voltaren.

The dosage of Voltaren may differ based on the medical condition it is being used to treat. For instance, the dosage for chronic arthritis may differ from that for acute sports injuries. It is crucial to communicate openly with your healthcare provider about your medical history and follow their recommended dosage for the specific ailment.


Overdosing on Voltaren can lead to severe health consequences and should be avoided at all costs. Some common signs of Voltaren overdose include nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, drowsiness, and difficulty breathing. If you or someone else experience these symptoms after taking Voltaren, seek immediate medical attention.

In the event of a Voltaren overdose, it is crucial to act quickly. Contact your local poison control center or emergency services immediately. While waiting for help, try to keep the affected person awake and conscious. Do not attempt to induce vomiting unless specifically instructed to do so by medical professionals.

Never hesitate to seek medical assistance in the case of a Voltaren overdose. Medical professionals will provide the necessary treatment to minimize the effects of the overdose and prevent any potential complications. Prompt action can make a significant difference in the outcome.

Missed Dose

Adhering to the prescribed schedule is vital for the effectiveness of Voltaren. Missing a dose can disrupt the therapeutic effect of the medication and may require time to regain its benefits. It’s essential to maintain a regular dosing routine to manage pain and inflammation effectively.

If you miss a dose of Voltaren, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next scheduled dose, skip the missed one and resume your regular dosing schedule. Never double the dose to compensate for a missed one.

To prevent missed doses, consider setting alarms or reminders on your phone. Keep track of your medication supply and request refills in advance. Discuss any potential difficulties in following the dosing schedule with your healthcare provider, who may be able to suggest suitable alternatives.

Tips for Safe and Effective Voltaren Usage

To ensure the best outcomes while using Voltaren, follow these helpful tips:

  • Always take Voltaren with food or milk to reduce the risk of stomach irritation.
  • Avoid alcohol consumption while on Voltaren, as it may increase the chances of stomach bleeding.
  • Inform your healthcare provider about any pre-existing medical conditions or ongoing medications to avoid potential interactions.


Proper storage of Voltaren is crucial to maintain its chemical integrity and ensure its therapeutic efficacy. Storing it correctly will also prevent any potential risks associated with improper storage.

  • Room Temperature Storage: The ideal temperature to store Voltaren is at room temperature, typically between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C). Avoid storing it in areas with extreme temperatures, such as direct sunlight, very hot places, or freezing conditions.
  • Avoid Exposure to Sunlight: Voltaren should be kept away from direct sunlight, as exposure to light can degrade the active ingredients. Store it in a dark-colored container or a cupboard to protect it from light exposure.
  • Keep Away from Moisture: Moisture can cause Voltaren to break down and lose its effectiveness. Store the medication in a dry place, away from areas with high humidity, such as the bathroom or kitchen.
  • Safe Storage in Homes with Children and Pets: If you have children or pets at home, it’s essential to store Voltaren out of their reach. Consider using childproof containers or storing it in a locked cabinet to prevent accidental ingestion.
  • Travel-Friendly Storage: When traveling with Voltaren, ensure it is properly sealed in its original packaging. Keep it in your carry-on luggage to protect it from extreme temperatures in the cargo hold.
  • Handling Expired Voltaren: Do not use Voltaren that has expired, as it may not provide the desired therapeutic effects and could even be harmful. Dispose of expired medications according to local guidelines.
  • Storing Voltaren with Other Medications: Avoid storing Voltaren with other medications unless advised by a healthcare professional. Some medications can interact with each other, reducing their potency or causing adverse effects.
  • Tips for Identifying Spoiled Voltaren: If you notice any changes in the color, texture, or smell of Voltaren, it may be spoiled. Discontinue use and consult a healthcare professional for proper guidance.

IMPORTANT NOTE: The information provided here is for educational purposes only and is not intended to serve as medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment recommendations. It should not be taken as an endorsement of any specific medication or treatment. Individual health conditions and responses to treatment can vary greatly; therefore, this information should not be seen as a guarantee of safety, suitability, or effectiveness for any particular individual. Always consult with a healthcare professional for personalized medical advice and before making any decisions regarding your health or treatment plans.

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