Periostat is a name used for the drug doxycycline. This is an antibiotic that belongs to the class of antibiotics called tetracyclines. Periostat is used for gum disease patients, also known as periodontitis. It’s used after a patient has had a specific dental procedure called scaling and root planning. This procedure helps the gums around a tooth attached to the root of the tooth more easily. This medication is used at a low dose during this dental procedure and isn’t enough to treat bacterial infections. However, it can keep gum tissue from breaking down.

Scaling and root planning is a procedure that patients get when they have gum pockets around a tooth. When the gums come loose from the tooth, infections can get inside and lead to lost teeth. Scaling and root planning are ways to treat the tooth’s root so the gums can better attach themselves to the root.

This medication treats periodontitis, an infection and inflammation of the tissues around the teeth. Periostat is used to slow down the rate at which collagen breaks down. This is a protein that supports several tissues in the body.

This medication generally isn’t used to treat other bacterial infections. It also doesn’t work on viral infections, such as a cold or the flu.

Periostat is also available for purchase as a generic.

Periostat Precautions and Warnings

If you’re allergic to this medication or other tetracycline medications, don’t take Periostat. Don’t take it if you’re in the second half of your pregnancy. Many recommend that it not be taken at all during pregnancy, as it does pose some risk to the baby. Don’t breastfeed while using this medication.

If you have a muscle weakness condition called myasthenia gravis, don’t take Periostat. This medication shouldn’t be taken by anyone under eight years old. Make sure that your doctor knows all of the medication you take as well as your medical history before you take this drug.

Like many antibiotics, this one can make birth control pills less effective against pregnancy. If you’re taking Periostat, you may need to use another form of birth control while you take it. Doxycycline can also increase your risk of developing high blood pressure in your brain. If you get a headache, double vision, or blurry vision, tell your doctor immediately. You may need medical attention.

This medication can cause patients to develop esophagus problems. This can mean injury and ulcers in the esophagus. Patients can help prevent these problems by taking their Periostat pills with a full glass of water. While you do this, sit upright or stand up. Once you’ve taken the medication, don’t lie down for the next hour or two. This can keep it from being trapped in your esophagus and causing damage.

Taking Periostat can cause specific fungi and bacteria to get overgrown in the body. This can mean that you get thrush from taking this medication. This yeast infection affects the mouth and can cause white patches inside it. Please let your doctor know if you have symptoms of thrush, such as chills and fever. You may need to be treated for it.

It’s also possible to develop an infection of a gut bacteria called C. difficile. This can happen because the antibiotic kills off some other bacteria, allowing the C. difficile to get overgrown. It releases toxins, and this can cause health problems. People with this overgrowth often get chronic diarrhea. This condition will need medical treatment.

This medication can also make you more sensitive to sunlight. It’s essential to keep your skin protected anytime you have to be in the sun and avoid sunlight when possible. Don’t use a tanning booth or get close to a sunlamp while on this medication. If you become sunburned while on this medication, tell your doctor.

This medication shouldn’t be used in anyone under age eight, including while in the womb and during infancy. It can affect tooth development and cause the teeth to be permanently discolored, a gray/yellow/brown color.

Periostat Side Effects

There are a lot of side effects possible with this medication. Not every patient will have side effects. Some of these may be mild, and some may be signs of something serious.

If you have changes in the amount of urine you produce, have difficulty swallowing, or get sunburn, tell your doctor about it. These can be severe side effects that can be signs of developing health problems.

If you have the symptoms of a severe allergic reaction to this medication, seek medical help right away. These effects can include having difficulty breathing, wheezing, and swelling in your feet, hands, mouth, throat, or face. If you get a rash or hives, this can be another sign of an allergic reaction.

The most common side effects of this medication can include:

  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Upset stomach
  • Blurry vision
  • Diarrhea
  • Vaginal discharge or itching
  • Itching or skin rash
  • Joint pain
  • Heartburn
  • Toothache

Periostat Drug Interactions

Periostat can react with several medications as well as some over-the-counter preparations. Take tretinoin (such as Stieva A Cream), isotretinoin, blood thinners (such as Fragmin), antibiotics that contain penicillin, or medications to lower cholesterol. You may not be able to take Periostat. It’s essential not to take antacids while taking this medication. If you get heartburn, talk to your doctor about what to do. You’ll also need to avoid Pepto-Bismol and other drugs and products that use bismuth subsalicylate. Periostat can also interact badly with mineral supplements like magnesium and zinc. If you take a daily multivitamin with minerals, you may need to stop taking it while on Periostat. Make sure your doctor knows everything you’re taking, including OTC medications and supplements.

FAQs of Periostat

What is this medication used for?

Periostat is used to help with periodontitis when a dental patient has had scaling and root planning done on one or more teeth.

Can you take this medication to treat a bacterial infection?

It’s generally not taken for this purpose. It’s available in a small strength, and the dosage is usually tiny. It isn’t strong enough to handle bacterial infections.

Is this medication safe for dogs?

Yes, it’s sometimes prescribed for dogs. Never take a medication prescribed for a dog. Make sure your dog gets the entire course of the medication.

Can you drink alcohol while on Periostat?

Yes, it’s safe to drink alcohol in moderation. You don’t have to wait to drink until after your course of this antibiotic.

 How long does this medication stay in your body?

It stays in your system for about five days.

Can you be allergic to this medication?

Yes, allergic reactions from mild to severe are possible. An allergic reaction may cause a fast heartbeat, trouble breathing, a rash, and other symptoms.

Can this medication cause heartburn?

Yes, this is a symptom many people get when the tablet doesn’t go down the esophagus. It then lingers there and can cause damage. To prevent this, take it while upright and drink a full glass of water.

Will it interact with any over-the-counter supplements or vitamins?

There are several OTC products that it can interact with, including Pepto-Bismol and antacids. It would be best to stop taking supplements containing minerals such as calcium and magnesium.

Is Periostat an expensive medication?

It can cost about $60 to $70 retail, but there are many ways to pay less, including having a coupon card to lower the price.

IMPORTANT NOTE: The information provided here is for educational purposes only and is not intended to serve as medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment recommendations. It should not be taken as an endorsement of any specific medication or treatment. Individual health conditions and responses to treatment can vary greatly; therefore, this information should not be seen as a guarantee of safety, suitability, or effectiveness for any particular individual. Always consult with a healthcare professional for personalized medical advice and before making any decisions regarding your health or treatment plans.

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