Bactroban nasal ointment is an antibiotic that kills certain types of bacteria. It is made to be applied to the nose to kill bacteria there. This can lower the risk of bacteria in the nose causing an infection in the patient. Patients and healthcare workers often use it to prevent them from getting a severe staph infection. It’s often used in people at risk of an outbreak of disease. This may be in a hospital or another type of healthcare facility. It’s only used for people aged 12 and older.

The active ingredient, mupirocin, is an antibiotic that can stop certain types of bacteria from growing. Bactroban Nasal uses a 2% concentration of mupirocin calcium. It may be used by patients at a high risk of developing a severe infection such as staph. It’s a thick ointment that is safe to apply directly to the nose. It’s essential to use this only as recommended by a doctor. Like all antibiotics, it should only be used when indicated by a healthcare practitioner and shouldn’t be used any longer or shorter than is directed.  It isn’t intended for long-term usage.

This medication is often used when there is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, also known as MRSA. It has sometimes been used as a protective measure during an outbreak of this infection. If the nasal cavity has been colonized with this type of bacteria, Bactroban Nasal can rid the nose of it.

Bactroban Precautions and Warnings

This medication can cause patients to develop diarrhea. In some cases, it can be severe. This can happen after you’ve stopped using the medication for two months or longer. If you develop this diarrhea due to taking Bactroban Nasal, don’t treat it until you talk to your doctor about it.

If you’re using this medication, don’t use other medications applied inside the nose unless the doctor says. If you get a lot of irritation in your nose, you should stop using it and let the doctor know about it. Use this medication during pregnancy only if it’s prescribed during pregnancy, and your doctor knows about your pregnancy. It isn’t known whether this medication gets into break milk, so talk to your doctor about it before using it while breastfeeding.

There have been instances of severe allergic reactions happening to this medication, including anaphylaxis. Make sure the Bactroban Nasal doesn’t get into your eyes. It can cause serious eye reactions, including severe tearing and burning. Be sure to apply it only as your doctor directs it, and don’t use it later for other purposes.

It’s been reported that some patients who used this medication came down with Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea, also called CDAD. The severity of this condition can range from being mild to being so severe that it becomes fatal. When an antibiotic is used, it can change the regular bacteria that’s in the colon. This can mean the bacteria C. difficile grows too much, leading to diarrhea and colitis. When there’s too much C. difficile in the colon, it will produce two toxins that lead to the patient having CDAD. There are some strains of C. difficile that produce hypertexts. This can cause serious health problems as well as mortality.

If CDAD starts in a patient who has stopped taking Bactroban Nasal, it can resist antibacterial therapies.  If it does develop, antibiotics that aren’t directed toward the overgrowth of C. difficile must be stopped. In some cases, surgery is needed for the condition.

Bactroban Side Effects

It’s possible to get a rash from using this medication. It’s also possible for it to cause other microorganisms to get overgrown. These include fungi and other microorganism that aren’t susceptible to antibiotics.

It’s also important to watch for any diarrhea that starts two months or more after stopping Bactroban. This can get very serious. If you take this medication for a long time or take it for several different periods, it’s possible to develop a yeast infection or oral thrush. If you notice that there are white patches inside your mouth, tell your doctor right away.

It’s also possible to have a severe allergic reaction to this medication, though it’s rare. You may be allergic to this medication if you get severe dizziness, have trouble breathing, or have swelling on your face or mouth. Seek medical help right away.

These common side effects may also be present:

  • Headaches
  • Rhinitis
  • A change in tastes
  • Respiratory disorders
  • Cough
  • Stinging and burning
  • Stuffy nose
  • Pharyngitis
  • Itching

Bactroban Drug Interactions

It’s possible to have problems if you use this medication along with other nasal products (such as Omnaris and Alrex). This can cause a lot of nasal irritation. If you’re prescribed Bactroban Nasal and have already taken another nasal medication, check with your doctor to determine whether you need to stop one. It would be best if you never stopped taking a prescribed medication without the approval of your doctor.

Bactroban Strengths and Dosages

This medication comes in small tubes to deliver the medicines inside each nostril. Each tube is to be used only once, with half dispensed into one nostril and the other half dispensed in the other nostril. It’s only for use inside the nose- not for the skin, eyes, or mouth.

Each of the tubes is 1 gram. It will hold and dispense .5 grams of the medication. This is .25 grams in each nostril. The ointment has 2.15% mupirocin calcium suspended in a white ointment. The usual dosage is to take half a tube in each nostril twice daily, every day, for five days. The tubes must be stored at room temperature and cannot be refrigerated or frozen. They generally come in packages that contain ten tubes so that they can be used twice daily for five days.

Size of each tube:1 gram
Amount of medication in each:.5 grams
Amount per nostril:.25 grams

To take this medication, use the tube to dispense half of it into one nostril and then do the same in the other nostril. After this, press the nostrils together and release them repeatedly for a full minute in order to get the ointment throughout the inside of the nostrils. Ensure you have clean hands before dispensing it, and rewash them after using them. After you have applied a dose to each nostril, throw away that tube. The next time you apply it, you’ll do so from a fresh tube.

Cost of Bactroban in America 

A complete set of 10 Bactroban 1-gram tubes generally costs about $150 to $180.  Your insurance will also make a big difference in the price. You’ll likely owe just a co-pay if you’ve met your deductible. If you haven’t met the deductible, you may owe a negotiated price less than the total retail price.

This medication has no generics, but it is available under a few other brand names. These include Centany.

FAQs About Bactroban

What does Bactroban Nasal Ointment do?

This antibiotic cream is used to protect patients from an outbreak of MRSA, a resistant form of staph infection. It can keep these bacteria from growing and causing the patient to come down with a severe staph infection.

How do you apply Bactroban?

Each tube has a pointy tip on it that’s placed into the nose. The tube is then squeezed until half comes out directly inside the nostril. The same is then done with the other nostril.

Is Bactroban available over the counter?

No, this is a prescription-only medication.

How long do you have to take Bactroban?

The standard course of this antibiotic is to take it twice a day for five consecutive days. It shouldn’t be stopped early unless there is a bad reaction.

What’s the active ingredient in Bactroban Nasal Ointment?

It’s an ingredient called mupirocin. It’s an antibiotic that can work against certain bacteria to prevent an infection of MRSA.

Can I take other nasal medications with Bactroban?

Generally, it isn’t recommended to take more than one medication that is applied inside the nose.  Before you start taking this medication, check with your doctor to see if you have already taken a medication that is applied inside the nostrils. Using more than one medication in the nose can lead to much irritation.

IMPORTANT NOTE: The information provided here is for educational purposes only and is not intended to serve as medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment recommendations. It should not be taken as an endorsement of any specific medication or treatment. Individual health conditions and responses to treatment can vary greatly; therefore, this information should not be seen as a guarantee of safety, suitability, or effectiveness for any particular individual. Always consult with a healthcare professional for personalized medical advice and before making any decisions regarding your health or treatment plans.

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